What Is The Direction Of Cathode Rays?

Cathode rays are emitted normally from the cathode surface. Their direction is independent of the position of anode. I found the explanation for the first sentence from the section perpendicular emission of the Wikipedia article on Crookes tube. However, I don't understand the second sentence in the quoted statement.

Why is the direction of cathode rays independent of the anode?

Cathode rays are emitted normally from the cathode surface. Their direction is independent of the position of anode. I found the explanation for the first sentence from the section perpendicular emission of the Wikipedia article on Crookes tube.

How are cathode rays produced and what do they do?

The cathode rays are emitted normally from the surface of the cathode irrespective of the position of the anode. They travel at a speed of about 10 7 to 10 9 m/s. They travel in straight lines and cast sharp shadows of objects in their paths. They are able to produce fluorescence and phosphorescence in many substances when they fall on them.

How are cathode rays deflected in an electric field?

When an electric field is applied to the path of cathode rays, they are deflected towards the positive plate of the electric field. It shows that cathode rays are made up of negatively charged particles. When a magnetic field is applied to the path of cathode rays, they are deflected.

Where do the electrons go after they reach the cathode?

After the electrons reach the anode, they travel through the anode wire to the power supply and back to the cathode, so cathode rays carry electric current through the tube.

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